American cinematographer John Bailey's academic credits range from Loyola University to the University of Vienna. He received his most practical training at USC's film school, then moved on to inexpensive, independent productions. Bailey received critical praise for his work on the cult film Boulevard Nights (1979), which led to higher-budgeted projects. Though he has made a respectable emergence as a director with The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe (1990) and China Moon (1991), Bailey has remained busy as a photographer; in 1993 he successfully made Illinois look like Pennsylvania in director Harold Ramis' Groundhog Day (1993). Moving into the new millennium, Bailey took the director's chair for Via Dolorosa (2000) before lensing Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood, Nagoyqatsi and The Kid Stays in the Picture (all 2002).