Noted as "an immensely talented writer with the rare ability to combine drama and action without sacrificing one for the other," screenwriter John Logan cut his teeth on such made-for-television movies as Tornado! (1996) and RKO-281 (1999) and made his bid for the big screen with the The Birds-esque guano-epic Bats (1999). A noted playwright, Logan's Never the Sinner premiered in Chicago in 1985, opened in London's West End five years later, and received the New York Outer Critics Circle award for an off-Broadway play in 1998. After gravitating toward television and film-based projects, Logan penned the story and screenplay for the Oliver Stone gridiron-gladiator drama Any Given Sunday (1999) before graduating to the genuine sword-and-sandal article with his contributions to the screenplay for Ridley Scott's Gladiator (2000) (for which he was nominated for an Oscar along with contributing writers David Franzoni and William Nicholson). In the subsequent years, Logan continued to gain momentum with his script for 2001's The Time Machine, as well as for another sci-fi project, Star Trek: Nemesis (2002). Logan continued to work on high-profile projects like The Aviator and Tim Burton's Sweeney Todd. In 2011 Logan had a watershed year by having screenplay credits on three major releases: the hit animated film Rango; the multiple Oscar nominee Hugo, which earned Logan a Best Adapted Screenplay nomination; and Ralph Fiennes' directorial debut Coriolanus.