This week the Criterion Collection releases the Roberto RosselliniWar Trilogy on DVD, filling an important gap in DVD libraries everywhere. The first and third movies in the trilogy, Open City (1945) and Germany Year Zero (1948), were available in shoddy editions that did not do justice to the films, and the second, Paisan (1946), has been on the hard-to-find list for some time. These movies are notable for establishing the "Italian Neorealism" movement that cropped up just after WWII. Italy was devastated, and several young filmmakers realized that making glossy entertainments felt false under the circumstances. So they grabbed some cameras, some short ends and some inexperienced actors and hit the streets.
The odd thing about Open City is how much of it takes place indoors, and how much it resembles a standard-issue melodrama. But it still contains moments of genuine invention and power -- especially the performance of Anna Magnani -- and it's hard to deny the dangerous and challenging spirit in which it was made. Open City is generally considered one of the greatest films ever made, and Criterion adds it and the other two to an impressive list of Rossellini titles they have released: The Flowers of St. Francis (1950), Il generale della Rovere (1959), The Taking of Power by Louis XIV (1966), and the "History Films" box set, including Blaise Pascal (1972), The Age of the Medici (1973) and Cartesius (1974). Additionally, Lionsgate released a two-disc set not too long ago that included Where is Freedom? (1954) and Escape By Night (1960).