HermÃna TÃ½rlovÃ¡ Biography
HermÃna TÃ½rlovÃ¡ was a prominent Czech animator, screen writer, and film director. Often called the mother of Czech animation over the course of her career, she produced over 60 animated children's short films using puppets and the technique of stop motion animation. Born in BÅ™ezovÃ© Hory in Central Bohemia, HermÃna TÃ½rlovÃ¡ learned puppet-making skills from her father, who was a woodworker and made small wood figurines.
As a teenager, she moved to Prague to make a living acting, singing, and dancing in vaudeville. She also began writing and illustrating children's magazines. In 1925, she joined Studio AB, where she met her future husband, Karel Dodal. The studio produced animated films for advertising companies such as Elektrajournal and IRE-Film.Dodal and TÃ½rlovÃ¡ produced 5 animated advertising films together, and in 1935, they co-directed the first commercial Czech puppet animation film, TajemstvÃ Lucerny ("The Lantern's Secret").
Following the 1939 German occupation of Czechoslovakia, Karel Dodal took exile in the United States and then Argentina. TÃ½rlovÃ¡ chose to remain in Czechoslovakia. In 1941, she moved to ZlÃn in eastern Moravia to work with Ladislav Kolda at Bata Studios, where she remained for the rest of her life. In 1944, she released the short film Ferda Mravenec ("Fernando the Ant"), which achieved worldwide popularity.
The original puppet for the main character is on display in the Toy Museum in Figueres, Spain. In 1947, she co-directed Vzpoura Hracek ("Revolt of the Toys") with Frantisek Sadek, which combined stop-motion animation with live action footage. She continued to write and direct animated films until 1986, and she died in ZlÃn on May 3, 1993 at the age of 92.